A garden flowers in more than one season; it isn’t only in spring that one can enjoy a rich bounty of blooms. In Maryland, one can have color in the garden from spring through winter, with flowers from spring through fall. Maryland perennials for summer, in particular, are many. Below are just seven species you can plant in your summer garden.
The black-eyed Susan is Maryland’s state flower. This iconic yellow-petaled flower with a black middle is popular in many gardens and can grow to various heights, depending on the variety. The black-eyed Susan makes for a classic Maryland summer plant.
Phlox is a name for a variety of Phlox species, some of the most popular being Creeping Phlox, Creeping Woodland Phlox, Woodland Phlox, and Tall Garden Phlox. The creeping varieties are groundcovers with many star-shaped flowers and can be evergreens. The other two give long-lasting blooms and are great for layered gardens.
The list of Maryland perennials for summer wouldn’t be complete without the mighty sunflower. 2021 has been dubbed “The Year of the Sunflower.” These plants grow best in sandy or loamy soil with full sun.
If you are looking to support the local wildlife, butterfly weed is a great option for all types of gardens. It is a showy flower with bright orange blooms and can have a bushy appearance, although it can only grow up to 3 feet. For good health, it demands well-drained, coarse soil.
If you are looking for a low-growing plant species for the front row of your layered garden, coreopsis could be the plant for you. There are many types of coreopsis that come in many colors; the plant has long leaves and multi-petaled flowers on tall, spindly stems.
Another plant that loves sandy soil and the sun is heliopsis. Also known as “false sunflower,” this tall and stemmy native species produces a host of bright yellow flowers and broad, pointed leaves. It can grow between one and five feet tall.
Almost as iconic as the black-eyed Susan is the purple coneflower, echinacea purpurea. This strong native plant has purple petals with an orange, cone-shaped head. The bees and butterflies love it, and it also makes for a great cut flower. Like other natives, it prefers well-drained soil.
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